智能路由器,智能音箱,智能电视,谁才是智能家居入口

智能家居起始于物联网的发展和智能硬件普及,随着智能硬件产业链的成熟、一体化解决方案(类似联发科手机芯片解决方案推动山寨机大爆发)的完善,以及众多孵化平台(硬蛋,太火鸟)的助推,智能家居概念不断演进。技术,协议,和入口不断推陈出新,并将随着自然语言处理、图像识别以及人工智能理论和技术进步,不断深入家居各场景。通过科技进步,给人们家庭生活提供极大便利。

最初的智能家居理念,在于通过app等控制家电设备,这可以称为0.x阶段。这一阶段的代表,主要是各种单个的智能硬件,如智能开关(海尔*,小米,硬糖*等),智能监控(联想看家宝*,百度i耳目,小米摄像机,360智能摄像机#),空气盒子(海尔*),智能机顶盒也可以勉强算是。这一阶段的特点普遍是通过简单的改造,使得传统家电,可以实现手机远程控制,缺少设备间的互联。

 

而进一步丰富的智能家居概念1.0,起始于路由器的智能化和功能扩展,也可以称为路由器时代。

因为路由器天然的联网设备接入属性,可以作为设备中心。通过插件与扩展协议或者网关控制多设备,丰富了应用场景。曾经深度参与过360智能路由器智能家居产品体验,以及天使试用联想newhome智能家居套装。两者都是在基于原有智能路由器基础上实现,但也略有区别。

360智能家居是指智能路由器的app,能够自动识别接入路由器网络的智能硬件(360设备或者合作厂商设备,如海尔),并通过支持的协议或者调起相应app管理各硬件。联想的newhome方案,是在路由器上外接一个家居网关,通过网关的app,协调控制各家电(夜灯,门磁,开关等)。

这一阶段还是基于手机app控制,相比0.x,增加了多设备互联已经,统一入口控制。

随着自然语言处理与语音识别技术的成熟,基于语音控制成为了智能家居的新的交互方式,引领了智能家居2.0时代。

代表性的产品主要有智能音箱和智能助手,主要是展现形式不同。

智能助手,主要是在pc或手机,也包括智能音箱等设备上,采用语音对话,问答形式提供交互响应。国外如苹果Siri,微软小娜小冰;国内如参加一站到底的搜狗汪仔机器人,参加最强大脑的百度机器人。

智能音箱则由于天生的语音播放优势,逐渐被认为是2.0时代特征。

智能音箱最早从国外亚马逊的echo,到苹果的homepod和谷歌的home。国内最早布局的是京东与科大讯飞联合发布的叮咚智能音箱*,已经发到了二代。还有年前联想发布的智能音箱#,以及前段时间密集发布的天猫精灵X1,喜马拉雅的小雅,出门问问的问问音箱和小米的小爱同学,甚至传闻中的腾讯。无论是国际巨头,还是国内实力企业,都在争抢布局该赛道。

其中比较成气候的是亚马逊的echo,已经延伸了多个家居场景和扩展功能,部分体现了智能家居的理念。新晋完成公测正式上市开卖的小米小爱同学则通过米家系列产品扩展,实现多种家居场景的智能体验。

该种语音交互模式受限于设备反馈形式,无法详细实时监控其他设备状态(天气,安防,冰箱,空调等),将逐渐被基于手势与体感和屏幕的互动方式所取代,也即智能家居4.0。

比如近期暴风发布的智能电视,具有智能音箱的声音交互,同时可以支持更直观的可视化显示。如果集成手势和体感控制,更能极大方便老人小孩使用,解决需要显示场景(如购票选择,购物对比等)中语音交互的不足。

所谓的智能家居概念升级,就像曾经的功能手机集成mp3,集成相机,演变为智能手机。如果路由器可以集成到智能音箱或者电视,家居智能设备网关集成到电视,VR/AR等技术融入,将不断助推智能家居的演进,成为家居智能生活的得力助手。

注:带*为体验过得设备,带#为当前使用的设备。

作者:haomaiyys

写于2017年8月23日凌晨

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127 thoughts on “智能路由器,智能音箱,智能电视,谁才是智能家居入口

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