[总001][博弈论系列001]*人生中充满游戏—-《活学活用博弈论》–豪迈(horror)

[总001][博弈论系列001]*人生中充满游戏—-《活学活用博弈论》

–豪迈(horror)

闲书信息(于中科院研究生院教学资料中心借阅)
题名: 活学活用博弈论:如何利用博弈论在竞争中获胜 = Game theory at work
副题名: 如何利用博弈论在竞争中获胜
作者: 米勒 Miller 出版社:中国财政经济出版社
ISBN: 7-5005-8667-1  丛书题名:  主题词:
分类号: F224.32  统一书号:
索书号: F224.32/4  出版日期: 2006/01/01 

栏目卷首语:今天,2008年1月18号,是我考试期间最悠闲的一天,从今天起,开始闲书碎语栏目.把从2007年7月起所有读过的书,小点一下,至于文笔就不予考虑了,只记所得.望诸位原谅..

泡上一杯咖啡,回味墨香…

    首先要说的是这本我最近才读完的很有意思的书.她给我的认识是,生活中到处充满了游戏.最初知道博弈,是在心理学老师的课堂上,他讲人的心理,讲到了”囚徒困境”,并进行扩展.第一次知道还有这么有趣的事情,接着想到的是”这也能升华为一套理论?””它的前景有多大?”.于是知道了它的英文名字”Game Theory”–游戏理论.

    为了这个名字,感觉很有趣.”游戏理论”,难道能用在游戏之外的人生中吗??抱持这种怀疑,我以闲书闲看的心态看了这本堪称科普入门的书.看完后就有了这篇闲书碎语.发现我的立论错了,错在当时没有想到-生活就是游戏,人生就是游戏,没有谁能脱离游戏之外.

    博弈论(游戏理论)顾名思义,起源于游戏,通过游戏中人在统一规则下的自私行动(赢得游戏),来尽可能获得最大的支付.也就是,她是从游戏中总结出的制胜规律.由此联想到和游戏胜负类似的竞争场面,生存场面,均可以使用.其中经典的就是”囚徒困境”,描述如下:

    张三和李四由于团伙盗窃被警方抓获,警方只能以盗窃起诉他们每人判刑2年,但同时怀疑他们和一起杀人案有关,如果确实将判死刑,但没有证据.为此,警方设计一种方法来让他们认罪.将两人隔离关押,并对张三说,我们已经知道你们还有一起案件,现在你有两个选择:1.你坦白,如果你的朋友没坦白,我们将释放你,若果你的朋友也坦白,你将被判无期..2.你不坦白,但如果你的朋友坦白了,你将被判死刑.然后警察又对李四如是说,最后结果就是两人皆坦白,全部无期.如下图:

对于这个结果的分析,请参见相关书籍.我这里想说的是,博弈论是个好东西.

    然而她最大的用途是在经济中,竞争者们都想在商战中获取利润,因此就想在竞争中取胜.毋庸置疑,这是一场游戏,当然也就更复杂了.有的只有竞争没合作,如定和博弈;有的可以在共同利益下合作.这套博弈理论里还有威胁,欺骗等等,的确将生活中的种种都有所涵盖.

    书中揭示了”男士情人节鲜花困境””助学金问题””威胁的可置信””美苏古巴危机””请求加薪策略”等等实例,以精辟的分析解释了表面现象掩盖下的理论机理,语言是有趣的.从她,知道了生活就是游戏,这场博弈将永无休止.

    为此,关于博弈理论,我产生了浓厚兴趣.在考试期间,我又借了本更深入的书《博弈论 = Game theory》(弗登博格 梯若尔著)作为寒假的读本..

由于初次闲书碎语,有点笨拙,相信以后会更闲而不碎…

2008-01-18#11:30:xx(记于玉泉路宿舍835) [总001][博弈论系列001]

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8 thoughts on “[总001][博弈论系列001]*人生中充满游戏—-《活学活用博弈论》–豪迈(horror)

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